Heritage Pear Trees (Pre 1900)


Variety Origin and Year
Description


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Beurre Hardy France 1820

Medium-large, light green almost covered with bronze russet. Rough skin. Tender and juicy with rose water flavour. Good cropper. Vigorous tree and good for poor soils.

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Beurre Superfin France 1837

Medium size, mid-green turning yellow with many light brown russet patches. Rough skin. Pale yellow melting flesh has delicious scented flavour. A high quality pear which does not crop well in all areas, but well worth growing in warm sheltered sites.

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Black Worcester 16th C

Large, dull green almost wholly covered with brown russet. Many fruits have purplish flush. Crisp, coarse, fairly juicy flesh. An excellent stewing pear. This is a type of ‘Warden’ pear. When Queen Elizabeth visited Worcester in 1575, on noticing the tree and its beautiful fruit she directed that it should be added to the Arms of the City.

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Brandy Gloucestershire 19th C

The fruit is small and pale greenish-yellow with a bright red flush. Crops heavily with a tendency to bear biennially. The tree is small to medium and makes an average quality perry.

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Catillac France 1665

Large, full green fruit changing to greenish-yellow. Some fruits develop an attractive red flush and slight russet. Only suitable for cooking, and turns pink in the process, but also a good exhibition pear for its even round shape and general good looks. Vigorous spreading growth. Heavy cropping.

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Christie Pre 1900

A well known eating variety amongst Scottish fruit enthusiasts. Large, sweet, mellow and reliable cropper.

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Conference Hertfordshire 1885

One of the most consistent varieties and a firm garden favourite with good self fertility. Medium size yellowish-green with brown russet over areas of the fruit, occasionally pink flushed on chalk soil. Sweet and juicy. Good cropper.

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Doyenne du Comice France 19th C

A superb quality pear. Medium-large, pale green changing to yellow. Some fruits have a red flush. Pale yellow flesh has rich juicy flavour. Recognised for superb eating quality but needs good pollination – Conference or Williams’ Bon Chrétien would be ideal.

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Fondante d'Automne France 1825

High quality and quite reliable, a good garden variety. A green turning yellow fruit with a pinkish flush with mottled brown russet. A fine melting juicy texture.

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 Glou Morceau Belgium 1750

Medium to large size fruit is pea green turning to pale yellowish-green, with very little russet. An excellent pear with fine, melting and juicy texture and a classic pear flavour. Reliable cropper. Good pollinator for other varieties.

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Jargonelle 1629

Pale yellow with brownish-red flush on some fruits. The pale yellow flesh is tender and juicy with a musky flavour. One of the hardiest and longest lived pears, making a majestic tree. Performs well in the north if on a sheltered wall. Like many earlies it can drop from the tree unexpectedly.

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Josephine de Malines Belgium 1830

A small, conical, greenish-yellow variety of delicious flavour with a dark red flush. Sweet and moderately juicy. Shows good resistance to pear scab. Keeps very well.

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Louise Bonne of Jersey France 1750

Small-medium, pale green turning yellowish-green fruit, with a dark red flush. White flesh is melting and sweet. Good quality and reliable cropper. Moderately vigorous.

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Packham's Triumph Australia 19th C

Medium fruit prone to being small, when it can frequently crop very heavily. Bright green changing to pale yellow with occasional russet. Has an unusual bumpy appearance. Pale yellow flesh is juicy, with a musky flavour. Crops and keeps well. Compact growth.

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Thorn Gloucestershire 1670

A small tree with upright habit and multi spur systems. Produces abundant crops of small yellow fruits with some russet. The perry vintage is average to good with low tannin.

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Williams' Bon Chretien Baldermaston, Berkshire 18th Century

Self Fertile. A good early eating variety, medium-large, pale green turning to golden yellow. Very juicy and sweet. Regular good cropper.

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Winnal Longdon Hereford 1790

Green/yellow with red flush. Makes a medium to high acid low tannin perry. Can be biennial.

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Winter Nelis Belgium 1818

Small but a good late variety with frost resistance. Pale green turning to yellowish-green, almost covered by russet. The greenish-white flesh is juicy and sweet.

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