Heritage Apple Trees (Pre 1900)
Origin and Year: Norfolk 19th C
A distinctive late apple with attractive lenticel spots, red-brown skin and a rich, aromatic, nutty flavour. An excellent keeper.
Origin and Year: Leicestershire 19th C
Orange with red flush. Large fruit with cream-white flesh and a sweet light flavour. Good keeper. Ideal for stewing, needing little sugar.
Origin and Year: Gloucestershire 1700
Pale green aromatic fruit with strong, sweet-sharp, intense, acid drop flavour. Firm white flesh. Beautiful flowers.
Beauty of Bath
Origin and Year: Somerset 19th C
Bright red flush on yellow. Flesh, often stained pink under the skin, is sweet and juicy when fully ripe. Can drop from the tree quite suddenly and needs to be eaten in haste to be at its best. An old remedy for reducing bruising was to scatter straw beneath the tree for a softened landing.
Origin and Year: Oxford 1740
Yellow-gold fruit has orange flush and a few red stripes. Nutty taste, sweet crumbly texture. An old favourite – cooks, eats and keeps well. When baked it keeps its shape and will produce a thick purée.
Origin and Year: Nottinghamshire 19th C
Still considered the best cooker with heavy crops and a strong flavour.
Origin and Year: Newbury 19th C
Peasgood’s Nonsuch x Cox’s Orange Pippin. An easy to grow apple with orange-red flush. Sweet flavoured eater which also bakes well. Valued garden apple. Good for northern areas.
Origin and Year: Cornwall 1813
Handsome bright red flush with russet patches. Sweet, sharp pear drop and spice flavour.
Origin and Year: Cornwall 1800
Gillyflower’ is the old English name for the carnation which, with this apple, shares the scent of cloves. Dark red flush with red stripes over gold.Knobbly exterior conceals yellow perfumed flesh. In late October it is intensely flavoured, rich and aromatic.
Origin and Year: Scotland 1827
Flushed over golden colour. Sweet, creamy flesh. Can be used as a cooker if used early.
Cox's Orange Pippin
Origin and Year: Buckinghamshire 19th C
The original Cox with all the qualities expected from the finest flavoured apple in the world. Orange flush over greenish-yellow. Deep cream flesh has sweet aromatic flavour. Too difficult to grow successfully in gardens. Prone to disease.
Origin and Year: Martock, Somerset 19th C
The most reliable cider variety, producing a high quality juice.
Origin and Year: Essex 18th C
Bright green becoming gold with red flush. Hot, spicy nutmeg flavour. Enjoys the sea air!
Origin and Year: Sussex 19th C
The flesh is cream, tinged yellow, sweet and firm with a rich nutty flavour. The usual russet to be found in shops.
Origin and Year: Wigtown, Galloway 1871
Large and yellow with a russet freckle finish. Keeps its shape well when cooked, best eaten before Christmas.
Origin and Year: USA 19th C
Well known crisp eater. Greenish-yellow turning gold. Sweet, honey flavour. Flavour is superior to imported fruit when grown in the UK.
Origin and Year: Australia 19th C
Bright green and juicy but with no strong taste. This good keeper needs a long hot summer to perform well. Ideal for those who like firm, crisp apples.
Origin and Year: Buckinghamshire 19th C
Easy to grow, large early fruit which cooks to a sharp purée. The tree is compact making it ideal for the garden. A very good pollinator for Bramley.
Harry Master Jersey
Origin and Year: Yarlington, Somerset 19th C
Often known as ‘Port Wine’ this dark red fruit produces a full bitter-sweet taste with a soft astringency.
Origin and Year: Sligo, Ireland 1819
Small yellow fruit, red flush. Slightly perfumed and juicy. Like a peach it should be eaten straight from the tree. Popular during Victorian and Edwardian times.
Origin and Year: Edinburgh 1893
Red flush stripes over pale green. Crisp and juicy. Excellent flavour and reliable cropper – deservedly popular.
Origin and Year: Lancashire 18th C
Found on a Cumbrian rubbish tip in 1790. Pale greenyellow with darker yellow flush. Cooks to a juicy cream froth and purée which hardly needs sugar. Good for jelly. Very profuse in flower and very heavy crops – dual purpose.
King Of The Pippins
Origin and Year: UK/France 19th C
Medium size, orange-red flush on greenish yellowgold background. Firm, crisp, juicy apple. When cooked keeps its shape and colour, so perfect for open tarts. Also used for cider.
Lane's Prince Albert
Origin and Year: Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire 19th C
Russet Nonpareil x Dumelow’s Seedling. Shining green flushed orange-red with red stripes. Useful, late keeping cooker, greenish-white soft flesh. Cooks to a lemon purée. So named when Prince Albert and Queen Victoria called at the Kings Arms for a change of horses.
Origin and Year: Bedford 1897
Wyken Pippin x Cox’s Orange Pippin. Sweet and aromatic possessing certain similarities to Cox. Can become biennial bearing. A good substitute for Cox’s Orange Pippin in colder exposed areas. Purple flush and red stripes give this an old fashioned attractive appearance.
Origin and Year: Cheshire 19th C
An excellent quality cooker. Large, firm, attractive, green fruit with a distinctive ribbed angular shape. Cook early when green for a sharp taste. Good for pies. Similar ribbed angular shape to Catshead.
Origin and Year: Melbourne, Derbyshire 19th C
Very late keeping, large yellow and scarlet. Cooks to a juicy, mild purée. Later in season makes fruity eating apple. Good in salads, stuffing and mincemeat.
Origin and Year: European 18th C
Golden-yellow fruit flushed red, nutty and aromatic, firm, sweet flesh. Early fruit can be cooked – slices keep shape – makes a sweet baked apple.
Origin and Year: Grantham, Lincolnshire 1850's
The largest dessert apple. Pale green with broken red stripes and orange flush. When cooked makes a sweet, deliciously flavoured purée. Juicy when eaten fresh – good in salads.
Pitmaston Pine Apple
Origin and Year: Hereford, 1785
Small, conical and golden with rich distinctive flavour of pineapple, blended with honey and musk. Can be biennial bearing.
Origin and Year: Little Ribston, near Knaresborough, North Yorkshire 18th C
Sweet, aromatic, crisp fruit with yellow-red flush. Firm, deep cream flesh, more acid than Cox. Resistant to scab. Described as being ‘like a good dessert wine’.
Origin and Year: Scotland 1851
Ribbed, quite rich with cream, crisp flesh. A favourite in the Hereford and Worcester area, particularly the Teme Valley.
St. Edmund's Russet
Origin and Year: Suffolk 1875
The best mid-season russet. Sweet, juicy, rich, densely textured, pale cream flesh. Very attractive with a golden-red russet and silvery sheen.
Origin and Year: Stirling 1820
Green becoming yellow with orange flush. Cooks to a white puree with lots of fruity flavour.
Origin and Year: Devon 18th C
A very handsome large cooking apple with bright red crimson streaks. Firm, crisp and sharp, sweet when cooked. Very disease resistant.
Origin and Year: Devon 19th C
Deep red fruit produces sweet astringent juice, high in tannin. Full bitter sweet cider. Frost resistant.
Origin and Year: Kent 18th C
Very large, pale green fruit turning pale yellow with slight brown-pink flush. Juicy and acidic – cooks well to a sharp purée.
Origin and Year: Worcester 19th C
Reliable crop of delicious orange-red fruit. Firm, juicy flesh is very sweet with strong strawberry flavour. At its best when ripened on the tree and just before it falls off. A seedling of Devonshire Quarrenden.
Origin and Year: Shropshire circa 1800
Orange Pippin x Golden Pippin. Greenish-yellow fruit turning yellow. Sharp, fruity and firm. A charming lawn tree due to its drooping habit. Highly decorative in table displays and kissing bows.