Rootstocks for Fruit


Fruit trees are grown on a range of rootstocks in order to control the rate of growth and the size of the mature tree. This table shows the approximate size of mature trees (after 10 years) and various suggested uses.

 

 

Apples

M.27 Very Dwarf. Ideal for patio tubs and very restricted spaces as it produces the true mini tree. Varieties reaching no more than 2 metres with little support required. Their fruit size is small but begins in the first year.

M.9 - Dwarf. Very productive but needs permanent staking for suppost. Ideal for cordons. This rootstock provides good growth control with high productivity. Trees will need some support because yields are heavy and fruit size is particularly good.

M.26 - Semi Dwarf. Requires support on most sites. Good for bush and cordon in limited spaces. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

M.116 - Medium. 10% less vigorous than MM.106, phytophora/collar rot and woolly aphid resistant. Larger, more robust tree form, busges and half standards are grown on these rootstocks. Espaliers and other forms of trained fruit where large walls need covering should be selected within this vigour range. 

MM.106 - Semi vigorous. General purpose, suitable for bush, cordon and half standards of most varieties, staking only required on sites which are exposed. Woolly aphid resistant. Larger, more robust tree form, busges and half standards are grown on these rootstocks. Espaliers and other forms of trained fruit where large walls need covering should be selected within this vigour range. 

MM.111 - Vigorous. As for MM.106 but more ideal for half standards, no staking required. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter.

M.25 - Very vigorous. Ideal for full standard and straight leads. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter. 

 

Cherries

Gisela 5 - Dwarf. 60% of Colt. Ideal for commercial orchards, gardens and patio pots. This rootstock provides good growth control with high productivity. Trees will need some support because yields are heavy and fruit size is particularly good.

Colt - Semi vigorous. Very productive and fully compatible with all sweet and flowering varieties, will contain trees to 4 - 5 metres. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

Prunus F.12.1. - Very Vigorous. The best form of Prunus avium. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter. 

 

Pears

Quince 'C' - Dwarf. Slightly earlier into cropping. Varieties reaching no more than 2 metres with little support required. Their fruit size is small but begins in the first year.

Quince Eline® - Dwarf. Similar size to Quince 'C' but more productive and very hardy. Smoother fruit with less russetting. Varieties reaching no more than 2 metres with little support required. Their fruit size is small but begins in the first year.

Quince 'A' - Semi Vigorous. The ideal rootstock for bush trees. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

Pyrodwarf - Vigourous. Specifically for perry varieties but useful pears for robust tree with early fruiting. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter.

Pyrus communis - Very vigorous. More suitable for half standard and especially standard trees. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter.

Pyrus Kirchensaller - Very vigorous. A more uniform and productive selection of Pyrus communis. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter.

 

Almonds, Apricots, Damsons, Gages, Nectarines, Peaches, Plums

VVA-1 - Semi Dwarf. Good fruit size, yield and winter hardiness. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

Torniel - Semi-Dwarf. A specialist rootstock for improved fruiting yield and fruit size. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

Krymsk 86 - Medium. Compatible with apricots, peaches and nectarines. More tolerant of heavy wet soils with better anchorage. Larger, more robust tree form, busges and half standards are grown on these rootstocks. Espaliers and other forms of trained fruit where large walls need covering should be selected within this vigour range. 

Wavit - Semi Vigorous. A robust disease resistant, free standing and non suckering rootstock for plum, gage and damson, mirabelles and apricots proven to suit a wide range of soils and conditions. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks. (SJA -10%)

St. Julien 'A' - Semi Vigorous. This is fully compatible with all plums, damsons, gages, peaches, nectarines and apricots and many ornamental prunus species. A useful rootstock for those wanting compact, free-standing trees. There is enough vigour for covering walls as fan-trained trees and spur-pruned forms such as traditional cordons. Allowance may need to be made for soil types when selecting rootstocks.

Brompton - Vigorous. Ideal for standards. These trees will provide shady spots from which to hang your children's swing. Although slower into cropping, the fruit will be higher quality. Trees grown on these rootstocks are not suitable for containers, but may be available bare-rooted in winter.

 

Vines

All our vines are grafted onto 'SO4' rootstock which is vigorous, suiting a range of soils and UK climate conditions.

 

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