Araucaria araucana Monkey Puzzle

Monkey Puzzle/Chilean Pine

Description: Araucaria araucana, also known as the Monkey Puzzle is a genus of evergreen that was extensively planted in Victorian times. Long, spidery, spine tipped branches and triangular dark green leaves. Mature plants can bear cones on the upper branches. Often planted throughout parkland as a unique feature tree. A very hardy variety!

History: Originated from Chile, Argentina.  The origin of the popular English name Monkey Puzzle derives from its early cultivation in Britain in about 1850, when the species was still very rare in gardens and not widely known. The proud owner of a young specimen at Pencarrow garden near Bodmin in Cornwall was showing it to a group of friends, and one made the remark, 'it would puzzle a monkey to climb that'. As the species had no existing popular name, first 'monkey puzzler' then monkey-puzzle' stuck. – Allan Mitchell's Trees of Britian.

Araucaria araucana Growing Tips: Prefers to be planted in well-drained loam, chalk or sand soils. Performs best in full sun and can tolerate partial shade, south-facing in a sheltered position.

Height and Spread (after 10 years) : 12m x 8m


  • Tree shape: Conical
  • Evergreen
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • L Size: Large
  • Growth rate: Slow
  • Open space planting
  • Needs well-draining site
  • Do not prune

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