Frank P Matthews
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Sweet Chestnut or Spanish Chestnut. Native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. They are deciduous trees that produce edible nuts. Not related to Horse Chestnuts (Aesculus) which has mildly toxic nuts or conkers.
Many excellent varieties of Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa) are perfectly suitable to southern parts of the UK for producing nuts. The flowers are not self-compatible so it is better to plant more than one variety to get a good crop.
Spanish or Sweet Chestnut
Fast growing. Distinctive twisting bark. Toothed leaves, yellow catkins in July. Rich brown edible nuts.