Bare Root Specifications


These bare root specifications are for guidance only, as nature offers variation between varieties and within each tree form. Heights will be exceeded in the majority of trees in most seasons. References to “straightness, evenness, shape and balance” are subjective and are used to convey a strong intention and commitment to only supply trees of a high standard. The production methods described are traditional and preferred, but alternative methods may be substituted from time to time – always targeted at producing a similar product.

Bare Root Fruit


Topped at 75cm as maiden trees and grown on in the second year with a minimum of 3 branches and an evenly balanced shape on a clean stem of 0.5m.

Minimum height 1.10m

Trained Cordon

Two year trees with a trained central leader, spur pruned 3-4 times over 2 growing seasons to produce well developed fruit bearing spurs at 0.40m and above with a dominant central leader.

Minimum height 1.20m.

Half Standard

Topped at 1.35-1.45m as a maiden tree and grown on in the second year to produce an evenly balanced shape on a clean stem of 0.80m and a minimum of 3 branches.

Minimum height 1.60m


One year fruit trees from 1m to 2.5m depending on type, variety and rootstock and feathered (branched) or unfeathered (whip) according to variety.

Minimum height: 1.5m

Straight Lead

A feather two year tree ‘run on’ from a maiden in the second year producing a straight stem and branches (according to variety) above 0.90m. Ideal for growing on into a standard tree.

Minimum height 2m (Note: a few low vigour heritage varieties may be shorter).

Spindle/Knip bushes

Well branched ‘commercial grade’ trees for orchard planting of apple and cherry trees on dwarf rootstocks M9 and Gisela 5/6 respectively. These trees are grown in the nursery in such way as to produce wide angles branches at the optimum height. This is to establish cropping laterals in the first year of planting. Including a strong central leader for training into the ‘A’ or ‘spindle’ shaped tree.

Bare Root Ornamental

One Year Budded Trees

Trees are graded uniformly in all cases with special care taken to straightness and proportionate root/tree balance. They are offered in one minimum size only for each variety.

Seed grown/native trees

Trees are graded uniformly in all cases with special care taken to straightness and proportionate root/tree balance. They can also be offered in several different sizes.

In all cases, please check our catalogue and availability lists for details. Varieties are feathered (branched) according to variety/species.




125cm+, 150cm+, 175cm+

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