Aesculus hippocastanum Horse Chestnut

Description: Aesculus hippocastanum, also known as the Common Horse Chestnut is possibly the most beautiful of very large, flowering trees. Sticky buds progress to large bright green palmate leaves, turning yellow and orange-brown in autumn. Exceptionally attractive in May when large white ‘candle’ flowers cover the tree with a unique scent. Rounded, spiny green husks enclose one or two shiny brown ‘conkers’ in the autumn that are a childrens favourite for games! Suitable as a specimen in large gardens and parks. Susceptible to the ‘Chestnut Leaf Miner’. TOXIC IF EATEN.

History: Introduced into Europe in 1576 and to Britain in the early 17th Century. Received an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society.

Aesculus Growing Tips: Most varieties require a lot of space to grow. Thrive in almost any well drained soils. Prefer to be planted in full sun or partial shade.

Height and Spread (after 10 years) : 12m x 8m

Attributes

  • Deciduous
  • Growth rate: Fast
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • L Size: Large
  • Flowering month: May
  • Tree shape: Standard
  • Open space planting
  • Can be hard pruned
  • Scented flowers
  • Autumn colour
  • Chalk tolerant
  • Fruit for wildlife

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Aesculus x mutabilis ‘Induta’

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Slender, broadly columnar slow growing tree. Pointed finely toothed leaves emerge bright pink.

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Aesculus x neglecta ‘Autumn Fire’

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A very special dwarf form with stunning autumn leaf colours and upright, creamy yellow flower bracts in May.

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Aesculus pavia var discolor ‘Koehnei’

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An unusual dwarf chestnut with emerging bronze-red leaves and stunning pink yellow flowers.

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Aesculus x carnea ‘Briotii’

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Compact, dense habit with deep pink flower bracts. Glossy brown ‘conkers’. Slow growing, resistant to ‘Chestnut Leaf Miner’.

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