Frank P Matthews
The good fruiting forms of walnut trees have been selected over considerable time and include many from other countries. The fruits are generally large, thin shelled and of excellent eating quality. The green husks of fruit can be boiled to produce yellow dye and is a good source of tanning. Walnuts used for pickling are best picked in late June/early July before the shells are formed. Test these with a pin or skewer.
Walnut trees can still pollinate each other up to 250 metres away as long as the wind is blowing in the right direction! The fruits are very high in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. Pruning should only be done if absolutely necessary and in the autumn before the leaves have fallen.
Walnuts can take some years before cropping begins. Applying a large cable tie to the tree trunk in May will restrict growth and promote the onset of fruit bud for the following year. The cable will need to be released in the autumn. This process can be repeated each year if desirable.
The best form for the UK, self-fertile and precocious. Fruit production at a very early age.
Healthy and robust. Nut is round and carried in abundance, suited for pickling. Heavy crops and self-fertile.
Heavy cropping large. Excellent quality and a magnificent feature for the larger garden. A unique creamy flavour.
Large round, thin shelled nut with pale yellow kernel. Strong grower, crops early in life. Partially self-fertile.
Good regular cropper, early into fruit. Thin corregated grey-brown shell. Late into leaf for frost avoidance.
A reliable cropper, climatically suited to UK conditions. Produces very good, thin shelled nuts with a sweet flavour.
Similar to Fernette. Late leafing, precocious flowering and late ripening form. Thin shelled for kernel extraction.
A relatively small tree producing large nuts with a thin shell and very light-coloured kernels
Very rare, old English variety with good quality nuts. Good for drying and storing. Self-fertile and heavy cropper.
Large good quality globular nut similar to Fernor and a good pollinator for the same variety. Self-fertile.
Superb late season quality nut which is large with a thin shell. Suitable for all purposes, and is a strong grower.
A Bulgarian variety for both fruit and timber. Large fruit and blight resistant. A nut for quality not quantity!