Fagus sylvatica Fagus

Fagus

Description: Also known as Common or European Beech. A deciduous tree that can reach up to 30-40metres high with a smooth grey trunk and a tall, round-headed, and wide-spreading habit. The toothed leaves are shiny green and are born alternately along the stem. Yellow-green male flowers hang from their stems. The female flowers, usually in pairs on short hairy stems on the same tree, develop into prickly burs enclosing sweet-flavoured nuts. Dark green leaves turn rich golden-copper in autumn.

History: Although often regarded as native in southern England, recent evidence suggests that F. sylvatica did not arrive in England until about 4000 BC, or 2,000 years after the English Channel formed after the ice ages; it could have been an early introduction by Stone Age humans, who used the nuts for food. Received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Fagus Growing Tips: They will grow in most soils provided they are not waterlogged, and will tolerate most sites except coastal. They prefer full sun or partial shade.

Height and Spread (after 20 years): 10m x 6m 

Attributes

  • Tree shape: Standard
  • Leaf colour: Green
  • L Size: Large
  • Chalk tolerant
  • Suitable for hedging
  • Attractive bark
  • Autumn colour
  • Can be hard pruned
  • Open space planting

Discover these similar varieties…

Fagus sylvatica ‘Dawyck Purple’

Fagus

An upright form that has rich dark purple leaves. Height after 10yrs 4m x 1.5m.

Full Details

Fagus sylvatica ‘Black Rianne’ PBR

Fagus

Young leaves appear red in spring, turning darker to purple/black. Foliage turns brown in autumn hanging on till next spring.

Full Details

Fagus sylvatica ‘Purple Fountain’

Fagus

Weeping purple beech with a narrow growth habit. Leaves are rich dark purple. Height after 10yr 5m x 1.5m.

Full Details

Fagus engleriana

Fagus

Elegant, glabrous leaves with a blue cast when young, longer than those of native Beech. Coppery-yellow autumn foliage.

Full Details

Follow us on Instagram